The grant of excellency project ‘Disability before disability’ (DbD) was three-year interdisciplinary project situated within the field of Disability Studies (DS). In short, DS is a critical, interdisciplinary field designed to investigate the interaction between bodies and minds perceived as disabled and the various aspects of culture and society.
The main objective of Disability before Disability was to explore understudied perspectives and unheard voices from the past by investigating ‘disability’ (as a concept and embodied experience) from a variety of sources from the medieval Icelandic prose literature through history to the personal narratives in the 20st century, artefacts and archaeological evidence.
The project used a grounded approach to understand the meaning and experiences of disability for various individuals in their social, cultural and historical context. Focusing on analysis of historical data allowed to investigate society and culture from a radically new perspective and to elucidate the experiences of a social group that have largely been ignored in research of this time period. Blurring the boundaries of various fields, combining data, methods and approaches and using disability studies orientation as both field and tool of analysis helped to demonstrate the complexity of a subject that has often been dismissed as simplistic. In this regard, the project, in congruence with the field of disability studies, contributed to challenging traditional and stereotypical approaches, definitions and ideologies regarding disability and the social reaction to and treatment thereof in the context of disability in the past.
The results have already been presented in a number of articles and conference papers, while the main output of the project is highlighted in the forthcoming edited volume “Understanding Disability Throughout History: Interdisciplinary perspectives in Iceland from Settlement to 1936” to be published by Routledge in 2021.
DbD Project Management
Dr. Hanna Björg Sigurjónsdóttir
Professor of disability studies and the project supervisor.
Dr. Sigurður Gylfi Magnússon
Professor of History. Strand manager 1: History
Dr. Steinunn Kristjánsdóttir
Professor of Archeology. Strand Manager 2: Archeology
Dr. Jóhanna Gunnlaugsdóttir
Professor of Information Science. Interdisciplinary support
Dr. Ármann Jakobsson
Professor of medieval Icelandic literature. Strand Manager 3: Medieval Literature
Dr. Ólafur Rastrick
Professor of Ethnology. Strand Manager 4: Ethnology
Dr. Sigurjón Baldur Hafsteinsson
Professor of Museum Studies. Strand manager 5: Museum studies
Dr. James Gordon Rice
Associate Professor of Anthropology. Interdisciplinary support